Pure Freethinking  by Daemon Goodhope

Pure freethinking

Pure freethinking involves only logic based on observable truth. This lesson is about how to view the world and make a sensible analysis using only pure free thought.

First, one must learn not to rely on anything one cannot verify oneself. Can you be absolutely sure a professor is correct, because he is a professor? In practical terms, experts are often right, but in absolute terms, if you can’t see it yourself, it is hearsay. Researching professional sources is useful when you need details, but details are only useful once you have a clear idea of the structure to contain them. Going into details without knowing at least roughly what you need to know is like entering a hall of mirrors.  There are just too many details, most of which will be irrelevant.

You must learn to work with broad concepts, then narrow the field and fill in the details. That is why I use no examples, references or quotes in this book.

Thought Point: Are the opinions of experts today, always, often or ,only sometimes correct? What do you think?

So, what evidence is allowed in pure freethinking? Well, I will break my rule and give an example. Anyone who knows a fair number of tobacco smokers can readily see that they nearly all have serious lung problems as they get older. Coughing every morning, short of breath, regular winter bronchitis, are not difficult things to observe. Yet, it took the doctors and the lawyers decades before they would state categorically that tobacco was bad for your health. If you were a smoker and waited for experts to tell you it was harmful before quitting  you might die before they got round to it. This is a good example, because it also demonstrates that observed reality wins the end – cancer will not give in to political pressure or go away because no one talks about it. You can’t cancel cancer.

A freethinker can look around them and make unquestionably accurate observations. If I say “Nearly all rich people live in big expensive houses”, do I need to reference anything? No! It is patently true.

You only need references if you want more specifics. We don’t need particulars at this level. You can learn that later once you can work with obvious truth adeptly. One must be careful, though to separate observable reality from half-truth and opinion.

That ‘All German people speak German.” is an unquestionable truth and no further evidence is required. On the other hand, “All Germans drink beer.”, is a half-truth, not unquestionably true. To be accurate one must add the correct quantifier;  ”many Germans drink beer”.  When using pure freethinking it is very important to choose the quantifier that is really fits the bill. If not, you will never be able to come to a valid conclusion. Your thoughts will be only fit for after dinner conversation at best.

Each item you think of must be checked for accuracy. Ask yourself, “could this assertion be challenged?” If you think up a possible challenge you must adjust your thinking to overcome it. “All politicians are corrupt”, this might be your opinion and you could be correct, but you cannot easy check how many politicians are really corrupt. Worst still, the word ‘corruption’ is open to interpretation, it is a ‘catch all concept’ and not  specific. However, if you change the quantifier to indefinite one, like ‘many’, or ‘some’ that is good logic.  “Many politicians are corrupt”. You need to make a good guess and choose your quantifiers with care.

Thought point: ‘A few politicians are corrupt.”, is that realistic, what do you think?

The difference between opinion and observable truth can be subtle. “Many people use computers these days” is clearly true.  “Too many people use computers these days”, is an opinion. Ask ten people, how many people should use computers, and you will get multiple answers. That is the problem with opinions –  getting any agreement is not easy. You cannot build chains of pure logic if you do not define your thoughts carefully enough!

Dogs have four legs

Old people hate new ideas.

people love excitement

Regular exercise promotes good health.

Drinking alcohol is very bad for you.

Two is company, three is a crowd.

Nobody enjoys root canal surgery.

Thought Point: Test yourself! Which of the statements above are unquestionably true, part true, or simply  opinions?

The idea is to build a chain of logic that few if any can disagree with. It is not so easy to do, especially at first, but with practice it gets easier. In this book, I try to stick to objective truth, but that is open challenge. Be my guest, challenge me as you will, in your head, or on my website.

The big problem with going into greater detail is that details nearly always can be challenged. “63% of cat owners are women.” Is it 63, 83 or 65%? With details you always need more specifics; which demographic, what country, which survey technique was used? You can debate all day and never come to an agreement. The proper place for details is after you have established a satisfactory chain of pure free thought. Then find the details that are really necessary.

Not all challenges are legitimate. If the challenge is not based on observable reality it should be treated with suspicion. Many doctors told people smoking was safe, but the evidence they used to back this assertion went directly against observable reality. Ask yourself, “Does an expert opinion concur with what I observe?”,

“ Would other people be able to observe what I see?”

You cannot expect everyone to agree on anything. Strange and inaccurate views are stubbornly  held by many. Apply the same principles to a challenge that you used for your original thought. For example – “It is a stain on civilized society that many starve each year because they cannot afford by food”. Someone might challenge this, “it is not the fault of society they have no money it is because they are lazy”.  That challenge is missing a quantifier, “some may have no money because they are lazy”. That some people may starve through their own fecklessness does not challenge the original statement that, “Many starve because of political failure”.  OK, I have never seen anyone starve personally, but I have two reasons to believe it does happen; first there is plenty of well documented evidence (including grisly VDOs), and second I have observed that governments and big businesses have a substantial compassion deficit.

In school and colleges, pure freethinking is not encouraged, the student is asked to build a pyramid of references and quotes to back their argument. This is not bad in itself, as all study forms are useful, but it is no replacement for pure thought.

Thought Point: Build your own personal obvious truth library. Try to think of as many examples of things about society that are patently true yourself.

انا اعرف اذا انا موجود

اغلب البشر لا يعرفون شيئا فهم يعيشون حالة واحدة من حالات الحياة: الحالة التافهة: اكل شرب وهبل.
هم لا يعرفون الماضي ولا المستقبل بل ينخدعون بامور الحاضر فقط.

الحياة ليست فقط السنين التي نعيشها
العلم ليس فقط المعلومات التي نعرفها
والدين ليس فقط الدين اللذي نتبعه

المجتمع هو عدد من الافراد.
اذا كانوا اغبياء فهم يشكلون مجتمعا غبيا،
اذا كانوا مثقفين فهم يشكلون مجتمعا مثقفا،
واذا كانوا اذكياء فهم يشكلون مجتمعا ذكيا.

الحضارة ليست فقط الحاضر الذي نعيشه…
الحضارة هي الاف السنين من التطور
ومن لا يساهم في هذا التطور فهو مجرد زيادة عدد قد يكون ضارا اكثر من نافعا وقد يتم استئصاله من تاريخ البشرية

انا افكر اذا انا قادر على الوجود
انا اعرف اذا انا موجود
انا اطور اذا انا اصنع الوجود.

مفتاح القوة الغير محدودة

أشياء كثيرة يمكن أن تجعلنا متشائمين ، ضعيفين وبدون هدف. نحن نعيش في عالم من الأكاذيب ، هذا ما تعلمناه وهذا ما نفعله من أجل الوجود. نريد أن نكون أفضل ولكننا مخلوقات اجتماعية وأنانية ، نتعلم في الغالب الأمور الخاطئة كلما غرقنا أكثر فأكثر ، حتى ننتهي في أسفل أكاذيبنا ولا نصل أبدا إلى هدفنا الحقيقي.

أصبح العديد مشاهير ، “عظماء” ، رائعتين اقوياء لأنهم كذبوا وقتلوا  وفازوا الحروب والسلطة. لكننا في الواقع نعرف أنهم سيئون.

مع غياب الفكر الحر في عقول الناس وتعاليمهم ، فإنهم يستحوذون على الأشياء التي تجعل حياتهم أسوأ.

تخيل الفوضى التي نعيش فيها

تاريخ كتبه الدم.
الدول التي بناها الحسد.
أبطال الجرائم الهائلة.
السياسة المصنوعة من الأكاذيب.
الآلهة التي خلقناها من أوهامنا ، للسيطرة على حياة الناس وحياتنا.
لقد مرت آلاف السنين من التطور البطيء للعقل البشري ، ومع ذلك فنحن جزء ضخم بل أهم جزء في هذا التطور الخلاق.

هذه كانت الطريقة التي فازوا بها ، اما نحن فكيف نفوز؟

نحن نعيش في عالم غير محدود من الفرص ، لا حدود لإبداعاتنا ، إنجازاتنا ، سعادتنا ، صدقنا ، قوتنا وربحنا ولنا الحق في اختيار طريقنا للنجاح.

السلطة ليست أسلحة ، فالفوز لا يحتاج إلى الأسلحة.

السلطة ليست جنسيتنا ، عرفت أكثر  حمقاء الناس من اهم الجنسيات.

السلطة ليست بالتأكيد السياسة ، نحن نعلم بالفعل أنها لعبة أكاذيب ، الناس لديهم آمال في الجهلاء الذين يستعبدونهم ، لكننا المخلوقات الواعية لهذا العالم الحالي ، وعينا هو قوتنا  الجديدة.

أيضا ، ليست المال ، المال يمكن أن يكون لعبة سهلة ، وليس أكثر من ذلك. إنه إله آخر أنشأناه من أجل استعباد أنفسنا والآخرين. هو يجعلنا عبيد ويمكّننا من التعامل مع أو شراء عبيد آخرين. مع الكثير من المال يمكننا فقط شراء أشياء مزيفة ، ولكن بالحكمة يمكننا كسب اكثر من هذا بكثير.

لقد شهدنا الكثير من الكوارث ، ولكن وجودنا لا يزال جميلاً حيث لدينا المزيد من المسؤوليات في محاولة لتحسين الأوضاع.

أنا سعيد لأنني أعيش في عصر يستطيع فيه الناس في النهاية فهم واقعهم الغريب. نحن مستعدون للتغيير والتطور واكتساب المزيد من الصلاحيات وتحقيق أهداف أفضل. نحن مثقفون يكتسبون المزيد من الحكمة. هذه هي قوتنا الخاصة ، هكذا فزنا بأنفسنا وهذا ما يجعلنا مستعدين للفوز بعالم أخلاقي وقوي.

بداية الخلاص

أنا سعيد لأن مقالاتي لديها قراء من أكثر من 60 دولة ، خاصة من الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية ، كندا، المملكة المتحدة، الأرجنتين، الصين، إندونيسيا، أستراليا، الهند، كل الدول الأوروبية، جنوب إفريقيا، الشرق الأوسط: لبنان، سوريا، فلسطين وإسرائيل. لقد فوجئت أيضًا بقراء من دول متدينة جدا مثل المملكة العربية السعودية.

ربما يهمنا الحرية والسلام والمعرفة والتقدم أكثر من أي شيء آخر ، ولهذا السبب نحن هنا.

الفكر الحر هو مفتاح السلام

خلال السنوات القليلة الماضية ، نشهد تحوُّلًا كبيرًا نحو التحرر ، إنه بالتأكيد المستقبل القريب للفكر الإنساني.

ومع انتشار المعرفة ، تنكسر القيود وتسود الحرية والسلام.

العلم هو معرفة واقعنا

الآلهة والشياطين لا يفعلون شيئاً، ما يبقينا مبدعين وعلى قيد الحياة هو تقدم معرفتنا، ما يقتل الناس في الغالب هو الجهل.

مع فوز وفشل الأديان والسياسة، العلم يبني طريقه دائمًا.

حرر عقلك ، انظر إلى الحقيقة ، التي يكشفها لك العلماء والمفكرين الأحرار.

لقد اختبرنا هذه المعرفة الحرة والصادقة ، ما نفعله هو ببساطة ما يجب على أي أخ أو أخت أو أهل أو زعيم مسؤول القيام به!

نحن ننشر العلم وندافع عن الحرية ونتوقع شيئًا جيدا وجميلا.

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يرجى مشاركة مقالاتنا والمساعدة في ترجمتها الى لغتك.

الوعي البشري

دعونا أولا نعرف الوعي

الوعي هو حالة الإدراك، إدراك كائن خارجي أو شيء ما داخل النفس.

لكنني أعتقد أن هذا التعريف غير مكتمل عند معظم البشر ، فمعظم الناس يعيشون حالة ذهنية لا شعورية يحددها الآخرون ويستمرون في خدمة نفس الحياة دون تغيير أي شيء.

الوعي البشري يعمل بشكل محرج معظم الوقت

يفكر معظم البشر بعواطفهم بدلاً من المنطق والعقل والعلوم ،
معظم البشر يستخدمون قدراتهم الدماغية للأشياء الغبية ،
يحلم معظم البشر أكثر مما يحققون ،
معظم البشر يتبعون أكثر مما يقودون ،
معظم الناس يهتمون في الغالب بالمشاكل بدلا من الحلول ،
ومعظم البشر يعيشون ببساطة نفس الكذب.

البشر لا يعرفون حتى لماذا هم موجودون وماذا ينتظرهم في هذا العالم الحرج الذي خلقه البشر أنفسهم.

الوعي هو جزء من تفكيرنا

التفكير هو فعل من أدمغتنا البشرية ، وهو جزء متطور من أجسامنا ، لخدمة هذه الهيئة والعمل كبوابة بيننا وبين بيئتنا بما في ذلك عالمنا البشري.

لقد طورت هذه البوابة مهارات رائعة:

سرعة رد فعل عالية

القدرة على التفاعل والاستفادة من بيئتنا،

قدرات الاتصال المتقدمة ،

القدرة على التعلم،

وقدرة كبيرة من الذاكرة.

تجربتنا الإنسانية

يأخذ العقل البشري وقتاً طويلاً ، وأحياناً قد يستغرق الأمر أجيالا لتعلم وتطوير شيء جديد.

ولكن كل شيء في فكرنا ، بمجرد أن يتعلم العقل البشري شيئًا جديدًا ، يتكيف ويتحول ويبدأ رحلة جديدة في ثوانٍ.

Positive nihilism

Human existence is scary and confusing. A few hundred thousand years ago, we became conscious and found ourselves in a strange place. It was filled with other beings. We could eat some; some could eat us. There was liquid stuff we could drink; things we could use to make more things. The daytime sky had a tiny yellow ball that warmed our skin. The night sky was filled with beautiful lights. This place was obviously made for us. Something was watching over us. We were home. This made everything much less scary and confusing. But the older we got, the more we learned about the world and ourselves. We learned that the twinkling lights are not shining beautifully for us, they just are. We learned that we’re not at the center of what we now call the universe, and that it is much, much older and bigger than we thought.

We learned that we’re made of many little dead things, which make up bigger things that are not dead, for some reason, and that we’re just another temporary stage in a history going back over billions of years. We learned, in awe, that we live on a moist speck of dust moving around a medium-sized star in a quiet region of one arm of an average galaxy, which is part of a galaxy group that we will never leave. And this group is only one of thousands that, together, make up a galaxy super-cluster. But even our super-cluster is only one in thousands that make up what we call the observable universe. The universe might be a million times bigger, but we will never know.

We can throw words around like two hundred million galaxies or trillions of stars or bazillions of planets,but all of these numbers mean nothing. Our brains can’t comprehend these concepts. The universe is too big. There is too much of it.

But size is not the most troubling concept we have to deal with. It’s time, or, more precisely, the time we have. If you’re lucky enough to live to one hundred, you have five thousand two hundred weeks at your disposal. If you’re twenty-five now, then you have three thousand nine hundred weeks left. If you’re going to die at seventy, then there are two thousand three hundred and forty weeks left -a lot of time, but also … not really. And then what? Your biological processes will break down, and the dynamic pattern that is you will stop being dynamic. It will dissolve until there is no you left. Some believe that there is a part of us we can’t see or measure, but we have no way to find out, so this life might be it and we might end up dead forever.

This is less scary than it sounds, though. If you don’t remember the 13.75 billion years that went by before you existed, then the trillions and trillions and trillions of years that come after will pass in no time once you’re gone. Close your eyes. Count to 1. That’s how long forever feels.

And as far as we know, in the end, the universe itself will die and nothing will ever change again.

Now you might ask what’s positive about all this? Let’s counter existential dread with optimistic nihilism.

What do I mean by that?

Well, to summarize, it seems very unlikely that 200 trillion trillion stars have been made for us. In a way, it feels like the cruelest joke in existence has been played on us. We became self-aware only to realize this story is not about us. While it is great to know about electrons and the powerhouse of the cell, Science doesn’t do a lot to make this less depressing. Okay, but so what? You only get one shot at life, which is scary, but it also sets you free. Every humiliation you suffer in your life will be forgotten. Every mistake you made will not matter in the end. Every bad thing you did will be voided. If our life is all we get to experience, then it’s the only thing that matters. If the universe has no principles, the only principles relevant are the ones we decide on. If the universe has no purpose, then we get to dictate what its purpose is. Humans will most certainly cease to exist at some point, but before we do, we get to explore ourselves and the world around us. We get to experience feelings. We get to experience food, books, sunrises, and being with each other. The fact that we’re even able to think about these things is already kind of incredible. It’s easy to think of ourselves as separated from everything, but this is not true. We are as much the universe as a neutron star or a black hole or a nebula. Even better, actually, we are its thinking and feeling part, the center organs of the universe.

We are truly free in a universe-sized playground, so we might as well aim to be happy and to build some kind of utopia in the stars. It’s not as if we’ve found out everything there is to know we don’t know why the rules of the universe are as they are, how life came into existence, what life is. We have no idea what consciousness is or if we are alone in the universe. But we can try to find some answers.
There are billions of stars to visit, diseases to cure, people to help, happy feelings to be experienced,
and video games to finish. There is so much to do.

So, wrapping up, you’ve probably used up a good chunk of the time available to you.
If this is our one shot at life, there is no reason not to have fun and live as happy as possible.
Bonus points if you made the life of other people better. More bonus points if you help build a galactic human empire.

Do the things that make you feel good.
You get to decide whatever this means for you.

 

Source: http://kurzgesagt.org

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What is Stoicism and can it actually help?

Do you know that A Stanford study found that 30 mins of complaining (even listening to it) is damaging to the brain. Complaining, whether online or in person, is just as harmful as secondhand smoke. We tell ourselves that we need to get it off our chest, but each time we do, we end up ten times more aggravated.

Who knew that 30 minuets of complaining has a damage equivalent to smoking right? Well the Stoics since ancient Greek and Roman times, knew the damage of being negative and complaining all the time, and they created Stoicism to guide people in their lives and help them become better people, people that are positive and happy. Stoicism simply helps you guide your emotions, and throughout time it helped allot of leaders, revolutionary men, scientists, adventurists, explorers and many more.

Now let me get into detail and explain Stoicism to you.

Here are 4 of the most effective and practical mental exercise/meditations that Stoics use:

Method One: A view from above

‘You can rid yourself of many useless things among those that disturb you, for they lie entirely in your imagination; and you will then gain for yourself ample space by comprehending the whole universe in your mind, and by contemplating the eternity of time, and observing the rapid change of every part of everything, how short is the time from birth to dissolution, and the illimitable time before birth as well as the equally boundless time after dissolution’

– Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius (super cool guy btw) advises us to perform an exercise called ‘view from above’. This exercise involves us envisioning ourselves from the third person. In this vision, we zoom out while keeping ourselves in the center. We continue zooming out and contemplating the scale of the universe. For instance, your first zoom might encompass a view of you from above the roof of your house. Increase the magnitude and you might see a view of your street, increase the magnitude and you might see a view of your country. Keep going until you can picture a view of Earth from the stars.

With this scale, we can gain a better perspective on the insignificance of our problems. When compared to the universe whatever problems we might have appear incredibly trivial. For instance, if you were feeling down because a girl flaked on you or someone insulted you, try this exercise. It is far easier to overcome the emotional hurdles we experience when we put things into perspective.

Method Two: Negative visualization

‘Remember that all we have is “on loan” from Fortune, which can reclaim it without our permission—indeed, without even advance notice. Thus, we should love all our dear ones, but always with the thought that we have no promise that we may keep them forever—nay, no promise even that we may keep them for long.’

– Seneca

Negative visualization despite the name is an exercise that will increase your default level of happiness if practised consistently.The exercise consists of you envisioning what it would feel like if you lost certain things from your life. Some of the things that you could consider during the exercise are:

• How it would feel to not have a roof over your head.

• How it would feel to lose social status.

• How it would feel to live in a third world country.

• How it would feel to have a physical disability.

• How it would feel to lose a loved one.

This exercise is not meant to be dark or morbid, it’s meant to put things into perspective. Allowing you to see how lucky you truly are. It also prepares you for the worst case scenarios in which one of these things does happen. You are not meant to fixate on these thoughts, but consider them from time to time.

This is a very practical way for you to practice gratitude, naturally, when you consider things being removed from your life, you start to gain a sense of gratitude. Now gratitude is important because of a thing called ‘hedonic adaptation’, basically, it’s a term that defines the tendency for humans to always go back to their default level of happiness.

If you won the lotto and became a millionaire, your base level of happiness will increase for a while. However, when you become accustomed to the lifestyle, despite all the new toys, you will return to your base level. Gratitude breaks this pattern, allowing you to enjoy each step on the ladder. You can be grateful when you own a box, and you can be grateful when you own a Lamborghini Avendator.

Method Three: Voluntary Discomfort

‘But neither a bull nor a noble-spirited man comes to be what he is all at once; he must undertake hard winter training, and prepare himself, and not propel himself rashly into what is not appropriate to him’

– Epictetus

The last exercise has been advised to us by Epictetus. It is called ‘voluntary discomfort’. In this exercise, we are going to deliberately put ourselves through uncomfortable situations. We will do this in order to train ourselves to not hold onto comfort with such high regard. We can perform voluntary discomfort in a number of ways. Some suggestions are:

• Cold Showers

• NoFap

• Exercising in the morning

• Walking in the cold without a jumper

• Fasting for a day

• Sleeping on the floor

All these things will change your relationship with comfort. Once you overcome the need for comfort, life will become much easier. Setting your goals and sticking to them will be far easier. When most people complain about being ‘uncomfortable’, you won’t be able to relate. You are literally training yourself to be like a Navy Seal. This method will harden you up for life.

Eventually shit will hit the fan at some stage during your life. You want to have to mental and physical fortitude to weather the storm.

So those are the three stoic exercises. Stoicism is a practical philosophy that has survived the test of time due to its universal applications. If you practice these stoic meditations, you will be well on your way to the good life.

Method Four: Worry only of what you can control

Now personally I think this method is very important, since most of use worry or get mad about stuff that are not in our control. Epictetus proclaims that our most important choice in life is to decide whether to concern ourselves with the external or internal.

Most of us choose the former. We believe that our environment possesses what is good and what is bad.

The stoics believed that all benefits and harm come from inside of us. That we must give up rewards of the external world to gain tranquility, freedom and calm.

They believed that desire by default makes us unhappy because we want something we don’t have. That happiness and desire for what is present is impossible.

The technique they used to manage this unforgiving truth is to change your desires, not the world around you. To convince ourselves out of desires in our environment, the stoics pronounced that our primary desire should be to prevent frustration from forming desires we won’t be able to fulfil.

Epictetus illustrated this idea with a model named the ‘Dichotomy of Control’. The dichotomy is a simple truth quite easily forgotten — that some things are up to us and some things aren’t.

Only focus on the things that are in our control.

 

Well if you are one of those people that scroll down the article and skim whatever is written in it then here is a video that explains Stoicism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9OCA6UFE-0

However reading is much better than watching videos, I might create an article explaining why!

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